How To Care For A Puppy

TIPS ON BASIC CARE FOR YOUR DOG

HOUSEBREAKING
All dogs can be housebroken if you are consistent, as well as persistent, in training them. There are two basic housebreaking techniques: crate training and paper training. Crate training is preferred because it teaches direct housebreaking. Paper training should be an intermediate step, unless you deliberately want your puppy to continue eliminating in a designated place indoors.
Paper training: cover the entire floor of a confined space with paper. Wait for your puppy to use the paper, then replace the soiled paper. Once your puppy seems to understand the paper concept, begin to leave an area without paper.
Crate Training: When indoors, keep your your puppy in the crate or under close supervision. Take your puppy out frequently, and give your puppy lots of praise for relieving itself. It wont be long before your puppy gets the concept of only eliminating outdoors.

FEEDING
Three feedings a day are usually adequate for young puppies. At around 4-6 months old, try cutting back to two meals. Most dogs can be fed only once a day when they reach adulthood.
If you want to discourage picky habit, try to feed at regular times in regular amounts. Do not leave food down any longer than 10-20 minutes. Always provide fresh, clean water.

BATHING AND GROOMING
In general. You only need to bathe your puppy/dog when it is dirty or smelly. Bathing too often can remove natural oils, making your pet’s coat and skin too dry.
Brush your puppy/dog at least once a week. Brushing helps stimulate natural coat oils, prevents tangles, and is a great way to check for external parasites, such as fleas and ticks.
Grooming should be a comfortable experience for your pet. This should not be too difficult if done on a regular basis. This should be an enjoyable, bonding time between you and your pet.

BRUSHING YOUR PET’S TEETH  
Although dog biscuits and bones may have some benefit, they do not prevent the build up of plaque and tartar. This is why it is so important to brush your pet’s teeth regularly. The teeth should be brushed at least once or twice a week. As with grooming, this will be easier if started as a puppy and continued through adulthood.


ROUTINE HEALTHCARE
Establishing routine healthcare from an early age can prevent disease, prolong the life of your pet and improve your dog’s quality of life. Picking a Veterinarian: It is extremely important to find someone you trust. If you are unfamiliar with the vets in your area, use word of mouth to start your search. If the vet’s personality makes you uncomfortable, hindering your ability to explain your concerns, find another vet.
Vaccinations: Some of the most common vaccinations produce immunity to distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus, and parainfluenza. Puppies receive a series of these shots until they reach the degree of immunity, around three or four months old. Your adult dog will require annual booster shots. Your puppy/dog will require a rabies vaccination.
Parasites: Gastrointestinal parasites are common in puppies. They are easy to treat if caught promptly. Left untreated, they can cause serious harm. Your vet may ask you to submit a stool sample from your puppy/dog during routine visits to keep these parasites in check.
Another common parasite is heartworm. The heartworm gains entry through the bite of an infected mosquito. Heartworms can be life threatening if left untreated. Veterinarians usually dispense preventive drugs that should be continued throughout your pet’s life. A heartworm test must precede the medication.
Spay/Neuter: Spaying (for females) neutering (for males) is a surgical procedure that makes your dog unable to reproduce. If you don’t plan to breed your pet or compete in the show ring, you should strongly consider spay/neuter. Getting this procedure done at a young age, 16 weeks or younger is very healthy for your pet. The younger the procedure is preformed, the quicker they heal, less likely to start marking their territory and definitely prevents accidental breeding. There are many benefits to spay/neuter including preventing unwanted litters and overall health. Discuss your options with your vet.


EXERCISE
Your puppy/dog needs regular exercise to stay fit and healthy. The amount of exercise your pet needs depends on its age, health, breed and temperament. Consider playing fetch, swimming or hiking. Activities you and your pet can do on a regular basis and enjoy together.

 

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